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my comments about each chapter here,
added information for each chapter in Revelation
Chapter 4 a
throne stood in heaven with one seated on the throne who appeared
like jasper carnelian and round the throne was a rainbow that looked
like an emerald. I imagine the picture is one of beauty and majesty.
I am sure the three pictures below would be full of imperfection but
God's gems would be flawless.
Around the throne were twenty-four thrones and sitting on the throne were twenty-four elders, clad in white garments with golden crowns on their heads. There is no real agreement as to who the elders are who sit on the twenty four thrones. More likely we do not know who they are because it has not been revealed to us, but it is God who chooses those who sit on the throne. In other words God has already chosen them, but we do know the criteria God uses with people he chooses.
The mother of the sons of Zebedee asked Jesus to let her two sons sit one on the right and one on the left. Jesus said, she did not know what she was asking because the decision is made by the Father. Jesus added, whoever would be great needs to be servant of all. If you want to be first you must be the slave of all. Jesus gave an example, even the Son of man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.1
God has a high standard as to what he expects from his servants, so you can imagine God has chosen the twenty-four elders to sit on their twenty-four thrones. The fact they have golden crowns show they have authority and another clue is that they are clad in white garments which fits in we are dealing with the saints, us, you and me.2 So God has chosen his people independent of any other influences.
From the throne came flashes of lightning, voices and thunder. I guess this sets the scene for awe and wonder similar to on Mt Sinai where on the third day there was thunder, lightning, thick cloud and a trumpet and the camp trembled.3 So John was witnessing an awe moment and there were seven torches of fire which are the seven spirits of God. The fact there are seven torches and seven spirits I am sure the seven represents complete, in the same way the world was created in six days and God rested on the seventh. Similar to Revelation we will look at later, seven seals, seven trumpets, seven plagues, I think these examples show complete. I am sure as we look future in this book you will agree. Considering we are talking about seven spirits of God we know there is only one spirit, such as the Holy Spirit which is in us and came at Pentecost. 4 which means I agree with Matthew Henry in saying we are dealing with the operation of the Spirit of God, gifts to people, graces, and operations of the spirit of God in the churches of Christ, dispensed according to the will and pleasure who sits upon the throne.5
Before the throne there is as it were a sea of glass, like crystal. When I picture the scene before God's throne the sea of grass like crystal my mind pictures beauty and shows how great the area around the throne is. I may be standing on this sea of glass immersed in the greatness of God, with a feeling of tranquillity contrasting the great dramatic events to be revealed in the rest of this book.
Around the throne there are four living creatures full of eyes in front and behind. Before we look more it is possible that four represents that God sees everything. North, South, East, West. All in heaven, earth. Think about the angels covering the earth in Revelation 7:1 standing at the four corners of the earth. The creatures having eyes in front and behind means they see everything. God sees everything even your mind, your desires. Jesus knew what people were thinking,6 more then that, he also knew about people even if he was not there.7 You can now apply these attributes to Jesus/God/Holy Spirit you cannot hide from God whether it be in thoughts or action. There is a day of reckoning as we will find in Revelation 20 when we discuss it and remember that even as you read these words from me Jesus knows you completely. Do not deceive yourself. Listen to the son of man, your Saviour.
Item 1 The four living creatures, the first like a lion, second ox, third face of a man, forth a flying eagle. There is much discussion about what these symbols mean, representing nations, or things like lion is untamed nature, ox representing domestic animals, the face of man humanity, the eagle representing birds etc. God's eyes are everywhere. I have noted there is ambiguity here to its meaning so we will go back later and see if we can understand them later.
Having discovered we are dealing with the son of man who sees everything and that we are probably looking at all of God's creation and the creatures praising God who was and is and is to come.8 We are dealing with the son of man who is the centre of the book Revelation. And as the creatures praise God then the twenty four elders fall down and worship him who sits on the throne. They praised him who created all things. It was his will9 to created all things.
So we have discussed the first four chapters and have
found that almost all of it can be understood with the exception of
we are now ready to look at
1Matthew 20: 20-28
2Revelation 7: 14.
3Exodus 19: 16.
4Acts 2 : 1- 21
6Luke 11: 17, But he knowing their thoughts... under the fig tree, I saw you.
7 John 1: 48, Jesus did not have to be present to know. Nathanael said to Jesus, How do you know me? Jesus answered, him Before Philip called you, when you were
9It was God's will that all things were created through Jesus Christ. Hebrews 1: 2, ...a son...through him he created the world...
We are now ready to look at what must happen. We will
move into chapter 5
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